Introduction to European Heritage In many ways, the story of America is the story of movement—the unprecedented migration of people, ideas, and beliefs. German family who immigrated from Eastern Europe stands for a family photograph in an office at Ellis Island. National Park Service Under the watchful gaze of this imposing monument, lives converged. Between andover 12 million immigrants passed through the processing facility on Ellis Island.
Early history[ edit ] Tobacco was first discovered by the native people of Mesoamerica and South America and later introduced to Europe and the rest of the world. Tobacco had already long been used in the Americas by the time European settlers arrived and took the practice to Europe, where it became popular.
Eastern North American tribes have historically carried tobacco in pouches as a readily accepted trade item, as well as smoking it in pipe ceremonieswhether for sacred ceremonies or those to seal a treaty or agreement.
As a pain killer it has been used for earache and toothache and occasionally as a poultice. Some indigenous peoples in California have used tobacco as one ingredient in smoking mixtures for treating colds; usually it is mixed with the leaves of the small desert sage, Salvia dorriior the root of Indian balsam or cough rootLeptotaenia multifida the addition of which was thought to be particularly good for asthma and tuberculosis.
Among the Cree and Ojibwe of Canada and the north-central United States, it is offered to the Creatorwith prayersand is used in sweat lodgespipe ceremoniesand is presented as a gift. A gift of tobacco is traditional when asking an Ojibwe elder a question of a spiritual nature.
European usage[ edit ] The earliest image of a man smoking a pipe, from Tabaco by Anthony Chute. Of the four plants of the Americas that spread to the rest of the world in the Columbian Exchange —potato, maize, tomato, and tobacco—the last is the only one used in every country.
Greek and Roman accounts exist of smoking hemp seedsand a Spanish poem c. These, muskets as we will call them, they call tabacos. I do not know what relish or benefit they found in it. The Spanish introduced tobacco to Europeans in aboutand byDiego Columbus mentioned a tobacco merchant of Lisbon in his will, showing how quickly the traffic had sprung up.
Jean NicotFrench ambassador in Lisbonsent samples to Paris in The French, Spanish, and Portuguese initially referred to the plant as the "sacred herb" because of its valuable medicinal properties. By botanists referred to tobacco as Nicotianaalthough Andre Thevet claimed that he, not Nicot, had introduced tobacco to France; historians believe that this is unlikely to be true, but Thevet was the first Frenchman to write about it.
In this he claimed that tobacco could cure 36 health problems,  and reported that the plant was first brought to Spain for its flowers, but "Now we use it to a greater extent for the sake of its virtues than for its beauty".
John Hawkins was the first to bring tobacco seeds to England. The importation of tobacco into England was not without resistance and controversy. Stuart King James I wrote a famous polemic titled A Counterblaste to Tobacco inin which the king denounced tobacco use as "[a] custome lothsome to the eye, hatefull to the Nose, harmefull to the braine, dangerous to the Lungs, and in the blacke stinking fume thereof, neerest resembling the horrible Stigian smoke of the pit that is bottomelesse.
No tobacco could be imported except from Virginia, and a royal license that cost 15 pounds per year was required to sell it. To help the colonies Charles II banned tobacco cultivation in England, but allowed herb gardens because doctors said it had medicinal purposes.
Iberia exported "ropes" of dry leaves in baskets to the Netherlands and southern Germany; for a while tobacco was in Spanish called canaster after the word for basket, canastro, and influenced the German Knaster. In Italy, Prospero Santacroce in and Nicolo Torbabuoni in introduced it to gardens after seeing the plant on diplomatic missions.
Cardinal Crescenzio introduced smoking to the country in about after learning about it in England. Peter the Great —who in England had learned of smoking and the royal monopoly—became the monarch inhowever. Revoking all bans, he licensed an English company to import 1.
Tobacco first arrived in the Ottoman Empire in the late 16th century,  where it attracted the attention of doctors  and became a commonly prescribed medicine for many ailments. When the ban was lifted by his successor, Ibrahim the Madit was instead taxed. InDamascene jurist Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi declared: People of all kinds have used it and devoted themselves to it I have even seen young children of about five years applying themselves to it.
They were eating and drinking, and drinking coffee and smoking tobacco just as the men were doing. British patterns of tobacco use were transported to Australia along with the new settlers in ; and in the years following colonisation, British smoking behaviour was rapidly adopted by Indigenous people as well.
By the early 19th century tobacco was an essential commodity routinely issued to servants, prisoners and ticket-of-leave men conditionally released convicts as an inducement to work, or conversely, withheld as a means of punishment.
The cultivation of tobacco in the Chesapeake area was essential to solving this problem. Without silver and gold to trade to the Chesapeake tribes, colonists traded tobacco for essential natural resources.Touts tobacco's medicinal qualities, and recommends exclusively tobacco of American origin (BD) SPAIN: King Philip III establishes Seville as tobacco center of the world.
Attempting to prevent a tobacco glut, Philip requires all tobacco grown in the Spanish New World to be shipped to a central location, Seville, Spain. Tobacco Essay Examples. 52 total results.
An Argument That Tobacco Advertising Should Be Eliminated.
words. An Introduction to the Historical Background of Tobacco and Cigarettes. 1, words. The Origin and Introduction of Tobacco in the American Continent.
2, words. 6 pages.
The Important Issue of Tobacco and . The origin and introduction of tobacco in the american continent November 19, Uncategorized The name. the origin and introduction of tobacco in the american continent I. INTRODUCTION. The History of Tobacco and Its Growth Throughout the World.
By Jason Young Tobacco, one of the most important cash crops in American farming, is native to the North and South American continents. The History of Tobacco and Its Growth Throughout the World By Jason Young Tobacco, one of the most important cash crops in American farming, is native to the North and South American continents.
Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African slaves helped build the new nation into an economic powerhouse through the production of.