Cybernetics[ edit ] The use of computers to coordinate production in an optimal fashion has been proposed for socialist economies.
In this essay we will discuss about Decentralised Planning in India. After reading this essay you Decentralized planning in india learn about: Introduction to Decentralised Planning in India 2.
In this connection a few experiments towards effective decentralization in India can be recalled: i) In the mids the West Bengal Government initiated decentralized planning process. The districts were asked to prepare district plans which were later integrated for preparing the state plan. Decentralized Planning Experience in Kerala Background n Kerala, decentralized planning that followed the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments and . Essay on Decentralized Planning In the Indian Polity Introduction: After independence, development through planning and state initiative was the aim of policy makers. With the establishment of the.
Importance of Decentralised Planning in India 3. Introduction to Decentralised Planning in India: Decentralised planning is a kind of percolation of planning activities or process from the Centre to the sub- state levels, i.
Inthe Government appointed Balwant Rai Mehta Committee which recommended constitution of elected statutory local bodies with its required resources, power and authority along with a decentralised administrative system operating under its control.
Accordingly, the Panchayati Raj System was introduced in India. Since then the process of decentralisation in the planning and developmental activities was continued. Inthe Planning Commission issued some guidelines on the introduction of district planning.
Again in ; M. Dantewala working group recommended specific guidelines for the introduction of block-level planning.
Moreover, the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister, finally presented its Report on Decentralisation of Development Planning and its implementation in the states in Finally, inthe Group on District Planning submitted its report and this was considered as the basis of proposals on decentralised planning under the Seventh Plan.
Accordingly, the Planning Commission of India introduced the decentralised planning in the country for the first time during the Seventh Plan.
From the very beginning, India has adopted the system of centralised planning with little variation. But with the passage of time there has been radical departure in the planning process in India from a centralised to a decentralised one where the decision making in the planning process has been reversed from top-to-bottom type to a system of bottom-to-top type.
Thus the decentralised planning is a kind of planning at the grass-root level or planning from below. Planning process in a country is having various tiers, viz.
Under decentralised planning emphasis has been given on the introduction of district planning, sub-divisional planning and block-level planning so as to reach finally the village level planning successfully.
In India, Governmental activities are being performed right from the central to states and then to local, i. But it now being observed that this type of centralised planning process is not at all conducive to optimum utilisation of plan resources. Thus in order to realise a better response, the Planning Commission of India introduced the decentralised planning since the Seventh Plan.
Although in most of the states of India, the decentralised planning was extended to district level but in some states like Assam, West Bengal etc.Decentralized Planning: Meaning and importance; and decentralised planning; major initiatives in India June 26, rawan Decentralized Planning is a type of planning where local organisations and institutions formulate, adopt, execute actions and supervise the .
A decentralized-planned economy or decentrally-planned economy (occasionally horizontally-planned economy) is a type of economic system based on decentralized economic planning, in which decision-making is distributed amongst various economic agents or localized within production units.
Decentralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group.
Performance of Decentralised Planning in India: In India, the process of decentralized planning and its performance is depending upon the activities of Panchayati Raj Institutions established at the district, block and village levels.
Family Planning Programme in India India is the second most populous nation, after China.
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) has worked that such an increase in population will have adverse effect on the existing economic and social condition of our nation. Decentralized planning is a type of economic system in which decision-making is distributed amongst various economic agents or localized within production agents.
An example of this method in practice is in Kerala, India which started in as, The People's Planning in Kerala.