The Late Republic —31 bc The aftermath of the victories The fall of Carthage and Corinth did not even mark a temporary end to warfare. War and military glory were an essential part of the Roman aristocratic ethos and, hence, of Roman political life.
He received his birth nameafter his biological fatherin 63 BC. After he was adopted by Julius Caesar, he adopted Caesar's name in accordance with Roman naming conventions.
Two years after his adoption, he founded the Temple of Caesar additionally adding the title Divi Filius "Son of the Divine" to his name in attempt to strengthen his political ties to Caesar's former soldiers, following the deification of Caesar.
From 38 BC, Octavian opted to use Imperatorthe title by which troops hailed their leader after military success. His name is roughly translated as "Commander Caesar, Son of the Divine".
Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus: Following his 31 BC defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatrapartly on his own insistence, the Roman Senate granted him the additional name, " Augustus ".
He was given the name Gaius Octavius Thurinus, his cognomen possibly commemorating his father's victory at Thurii over a rebellious band of slaves. This man was leader in a war with a neighbouring town Octavius only mentions his father's equestrian family briefly in his memoirs. His grandfather had served in several local political offices.
His father, also named Gaius Octaviushad been governor of Macedonia. His mother, Atiawas the niece of Julius Caesar.
Philippus never had much of an interest in young Octavius. Because of this, Octavius was raised by his grandmother, Juliathe sister of Julius Caesar.
When he had recovered, he sailed to the front, but was shipwrecked ; after coming ashore with a handful of companions, he crossed hostile territory to Caesar's camp, which impressed his great-uncle considerably.
Walters Art MuseumBaltimore. He rejected the advice of some army officers to take refuge with the troops in Macedonia and sailed to Italy to ascertain whether he had any potential political fortunes or security.
Roman citizens adopted into a new family usually retained their old nomen in cognomen form e. However, though some of his contemporaries did,  there is no evidence that Octavius ever himself officially used the name Octavianus, as it would have made his modest origins too obvious.
They had been granted a general amnesty on 17 March, yet Antony had succeeded in driving most of them out of Rome with an inflammatory eulogy at Caesar's funeral, mounting public opinion against the assassins. Mark Antony had lost the support of many Romans and supporters of Caesar when he initially opposed the motion to elevate Caesar to divine status.
During the summer, he managed to win support from Caesarian sympathizers and also made common with the Optimatesthe former enemies of Caesar, who saw him as the lesser evil and hoped to manipulate him. Antony besieged him at Mutina  and rejected the resolutions passed by the Senate to stop the fighting.
The Senate had no army to enforce their resolutions. This provided an opportunity for Octavian, who already was known to have armed forces. Both consuls were killed, however, leaving Octavian in sole command of their armies. However, the sources agree that enacting the proscriptions was a means by all three factions to eliminate political enemies.
For example, Octavian allowed the proscription of his ally Cicero, Antony the proscription of his maternal uncle Lucius Julius Caesar the consul of 64 BCand Lepidus his brother Paullus.
Octavian was able to further his cause by emphasizing the fact that he was Divi filius"Son of the Divine".The triumvirate in William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar consisted of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Marcus Crassus; however, after the deaths of Pompey and Crassus Julius Caesar became the sole ruler of Rome.
Caesar and the First Triumvirate. In 54 BC, Caesar's daughter, Pompey's wife, died in childbirth, unraveling one link in the alliance. Augustus also styled himself as Imperator Gaius Julius Caesar divi filius, "Commander Gaius Julius Caesar, son of the deified one".
Was a Roman war general under Sulla and part of the first triumvirate along side Crassus and Julius Ceasar.
Played a huge role in the future of Roman Empire . The first triumvirate is a modern term for the coalition of Crassus, Caesar, and Pompey formed for their own political ends. B.C. - Caesar, Crassus and Pompey and The First Triumvirate Search the site GO. This consisted of Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey.
Together they vowed to return Rome to its former glory. Together they vowed to return Rome to its former glory. After Crassus’ death in 53 B.C, Caesar and Pompey began to fight for power.
A triumvirate is a group of three and usually applies to three officials responsible for public administration or the execution of the duties of civil office.