History[ edit ] In historian Derek Fraser told the British story in a nutshell.
Look at the ways in which it is in fact punishing those it is supposed to protect. Offer and analyse the welfare contract and look for improvements that can be made to the current system. Simply put, the laws that exist today concerning welfare are not helping people who access benefits but are instead further hindering their progress to find adequate employment.
The beginning of this essay will address in brief the historical development of the welfare state and analyse the position that currently exists today.
The paper will then move on to an analytical discussion of welfare as it stands focussing primarily on the concept of the contract that exists between the provision of welfare and the corresponding obligation of the citizen.
Introduction When discussing such issues it is imperative to first present to the reader a brief historical overview of the welfare state that exists in the United Kingdom.
Based on these suggestions a system of welfare was created that imposed a means tested system of social assistance. This system of social assistance has gradually evolved into the principle of workfare. Manifesto 2Department for work and pensions.
The Beveridge Report and post war reforms.
Welfare has become a major political issue in the United Kingdom. During the 13 years when Labour was in power, it seems not to have occurred to most Britons that Labour's open-door immigration. United Kingdom - Health and welfare: The National Health Service (NHS) provides comprehensive health care throughout the United Kingdom. The NHS provides medical care through a tripartite structure of primary care, hospitals, and community health care. The main element in primary care is the system of general practitioners (family . The purpose of this essay is to look at the long history of the Welfare State in Britain and the evolving social, economic and political changes in society today, as well as the birth of the Welfare State after the Second World War which was the turning point (watershed) in British History.
Additionally there are detrimental measures that apply if the recipient fails to undertake said tasks. These measures usually include things such as a reduction in benefits and potentially the withdrawal of welfare altogether.
The mechanism which attempts to regulate workfare in the United Kingdom is contract. More specifically the Job Seekers Agreement6. Implemented inthis agreement changed the conditions regarding the reception of welfare benefits.
It did so by altering the previous position that you were entitled to benefits based upon national insurance contribution or immediate need and instead made the continuation of benefits based on the signing of a Job Seekers Agreement.
Why then is contract the mechanism that has been decided upon to regulate the area of unemployment?
From a basic level the imposition of a contract brings with it a common recognisable structure that can be recognised by people from all backgrounds. It also brings with it clear principles including consent, reciprocity and mutuality.
|Should the welfare state in Britain be abolished? | ashio-midori.com||These were a guarantee of minimum standards, including a minimum income; social protection in the event of insecurity; and the provision of services at the best level possible.|
|United Kingdom - Health and welfare | ashio-midori.com||Leaders in social welfare, the countries of Scandinavia, are all under 8. Perhaps what is even more concerning is the failure of the United States to address the substantial poverty that exists.|
To what extent are these contracts fair to those who sign them? This will now be the main focus of this paper. Advocates for the current system Before embarking on a discussion that these social contracts are somewhat bad for society, one must be careful to also explain the reasons and support behind the current system.
Firstly when looking at the welfare contract that exists today, there is a distinct moral argument for the adoption of such agreements. Taking the idea of distributive justice, that is the principle 4 K. Social solidarity and the power of contract.
Journal of Law and Society. Individual Responsibility and Welfare Contractualism. This is an extremely logical outlook, if citizens were to simply receive benefits without a reciprocal return that it would erode social solidarity and lead to dissonance amongst those who are paying taxes to give these people welfare.
This differs from the approach mentioned above as reciprocity here is a principle which is a moral obligation, not just a preferable course of action. A further argument is put forward by Pierre Rosanavallon who points to the social utility of the use of contracts.
He argues that it allows for the empowerment of individuals giving them not only money to live but also usefulness within society. That is to be a functioning, useful member of society. He also discusses how instead of being an inert citizen, this process allows for a more active role within the societal structure.
This active role thus transfers into being a beneficial member of society and thus leads to greater cohesion amongst citizens. Additionally Veitch in his comprehensive article 13 points to another theory put forward by Jacques Donzelot. This theory focuses on the concept of social investment.
Simply speaking, the type of workfare programmes that exist as a pre requisite of receiving monetary support 8 S.
Social Rights and Social Contract-Political theory and new welfare politics. British Journal of Political Science.Poverty and the Social Welfare State in the United States and Other Nations. Report Welfare. Poverty and the Social Welfare State in the United States and Other Nations.
or the United Kingdom.
The purpose of this essay is to look at the long history of the Welfare State in Britain and the evolving social, economic and political changes in society today, as well as the birth of the Welfare State after the Second World War which was the turning point (watershed) in British History.
The United Kingdom welfare state was established in by William Beverage due to the Second World War which caused social problems to the British citizens. The Government stepped forward as to provide for its people by introducing Welfare State as a way of controlling these problems. Welfare has become a major political issue in the United Kingdom.
During the 13 years when Labour was in power, it seems not to have occurred to most Britons that Labour's open-door immigration.
Statista dossier about welfare benefit expenditure in the UK This dossier presents statistics detailing government welfare benefit expenditure in the United Kingdom. The welfare state is a concept of government in which the state protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of the citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens unable to avail themselves of .