December 1, through December 31, Opening Note Gentlemen, I am both intrigued and excited about presenting Operation Tenderfoot to you for your valued consideration and comment. I am aware of several major obstacles that presently appear to be unsolvable in order for Operation Tenderfoot to succeed. I am optimistic that the combined mental strength of The War College can address and find solutions to hurdle these obstacles so that we may implement Operation Tenderfoot. He will also be extremely aware that he must preserve as many of his war machine assets as possible for the end game.
In the colonial and early national period, a distinctively American conception of nature combined spiritual and aesthetic appreciation with antipathy and exploitation. Despite public outcries and literary appeals for the preservation of American forests and wildlife, economic considerations often took precedence over social concerns.
By the twentieth century, this struggle between ideals had evolved into a central debate in the American conservation movement between utilitarian conservationists intent on scientific control and idealistic preservationists committed to wilderness protection from, rather than for, humans.
This conflict can also be seen as a direct result of the relationship between human and nature that emerged from the scientific revolution. The confident push to gain control over natural processes reached its height during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when it was believed that through human ingenuity and the application of reason one could gain mastery over and understanding of nature.
The widespread belief in the Baconian creed that scientific knowledge meant technological power was still tempered, nevertheless, by the ideal of stewardship.
Scientists and artists alike challenged the exploitative nature of American forestry and hunting practices on religious and spiritual grounds.
While Baconians justified the power of science as the culmination of a fallen but redeemed humanity, English Romantics brought a revival of interest in the physical and spiritual links that had once existed between nature and society.
The Romantic writers, combining a heightened sense of self with a heightened sympathy for the otherness of the natural world, celebrated the individuality of living things.
This interest in nature was shown in Victorian times in plant and animal collections and conservatories. Following the tradition of his transcendentalist mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson — and a generation of English Romantics, Henry David Thoreau — went beyond his predecessors' discussion of the wilderness and embarked on a journey to uncover the universal spiritual truths to be found in natural objects.
Thoreau argued that by uncovering all the laws of nature, the harmony and the interrelationships that had been lost to the misuse of the powers of civilization could be rediscovered. By affirming the call to rebel against the commercial and industrial interests in society and promoting the simplification of life through the contemplation and appreciation of the wild, Thoreau came to embody the pastoral tradition.
Thoreau has been subsequently hailed as the originator of the deep ecology and biocentric philosophy that finds in nature moral instruction. In creating a national identity associated with nature, earlier Americans had underlined the incomparable size of its wilderness and added to it European deistic ideas and Romantic assumptions about the value of wild country and species.
This made American wilderness not only a cultural and moral resource but also a basis for national pride.
The appreciation of nature's beauty, however, was insidiously combined with the widespread image of nature as an abundant and inexhaustible storehouse of resources. Her inexpressible beauty was only overshadowed by her fecundity. This faith in ever-renewing nature concealed the problem of slaughtering wildlife.
Consequently, wildlife preservation efforts in the colonial and early national period reflected the limits of legislative reform and the primacy of commercial prerogatives. As overharvesting represented the biggest threat to wildlife, restrictions on hunting were justified on protective grounds.
Deer, buffalo, or water fowl were preserved and the financial future of the hunter secured. Colonial wildlife legislation, such as the first game law passed by the town of Newport for the protection of deer inregulated the killing of wildlife but was confined to the protection of traditional game species.
Ordinances provided for a closed hunting season, but lack of enforcement made these laws ultimately ineffective. By the early nineteenth century, reformers had advocated the need to encourage not only aesthetic appreciation of nature but also responsible governance. In his best-selling series Leatherstocking Tales, James Fenimore Cooper expertly combined a Romantic vision of the wilderness as a valuable moral influence, a source of beauty, and a place of exciting adventure with an emphasis on the uniqueness of the American environment.
Cooper employed the idea that man should govern resources by certain principles in order to conserve them. Inthe Supreme Court upheld the doctrine of state ownership of wildlife in cases like Martin v.
In the decision, Chief Justice Roger Taney argued that the state of New Jersey had jurisdiction over oysters in a mudflat claimed as property by the landowner because the interest of the public trust prevailed over that of the individual. The few additional Supreme Court cases to follow that considered the validity of state authority unanimously supported the decision.
Instate jurisdiction was expanded in Geer v. Connecticut, which upheld a conviction under state law for possessing game birds with the intent to ship them out of Connecticut.
The Court's opinion provided a historical treatise on governmental control while sparking a long and continuing debate about the respective powers of the state and federal governments over wildlife.
Lacey Act The decision set the stage for the Lacey Actthe first step in the field of federal wildlife regulation. By the end of the nineteenth century, the federal government had finally responded to the mobilization of preservationist interest groups and the public outcry against overexploitation.
In the s, sportsmen groups, although engaged in hunting and fishing, had both realized the need for conservation and had tripled in number to more than three hundred.After discovering that California condors require discipline from an adult male bird, the biologists used a condor puppet disguise to tend and feed the chicks, and kept a real adult condor in the.
flyinghouse Chihuahuas have always been popular in California because of the high hispanic population. Stop blaming the media for everything. Stop blaming the media for everything.
White Deer: Understanding a Common Animal of Uncommon Color. By Matthew L. Miller. much as we would protect a California condor or black-footed ferret. Something so rare should never be killed by humans. This is the area I constantly struggle with in terms of hunting. By susan delaney | Reply. February 26, You are % correct. Extreme Winds and Wildfires, On Overcoming California Climate Chaos. By Jack Eidt – Posted on December 19, The list could go on, and the discussion must continue. California Condor: Overcoming Extinction, A Symbol of Renewal;. The producers and writers cited All the President's Men, Three Days of the Condor, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Rashomon, The Thing, The Boys from Brazil, The Silence of the Lambs and JFK as other influences.
No, it's all the people who bought them to go with their McMansions. Jan 04, · Thank you for bringing new life to the wider discussion on condors and lead.
One point I would like to make here relates to Myra’s paper indicating that with only % of carcasses contaminated, a condor would have a % chance of feeding on a contaminated.
Join Wishtoyo Foundation and its Ventura Coastkeeper program at Mugu Rock Beach for the California Coastal Commission’s annual Coastal Cleanup Day this Saturday, September 17th, at am.
You can help create safer and healthier beaches for our communities and the wildlife we share them with. The geology of the Great Plains is a product of long epochs of sedimentary build-up followed by equally long epochs of erosion.
The result today is a dramatic landscape of bluffs, pinnacles and badlands that contain the rich story, of ancient sea creatures, dinosaurs and long extinct, giant land mammals. This report summarizes the levels of lead reported in California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) in California during and was prepared pursuant to Section of The report is scheduled for discussion by the Fish and Game Commission at its June 23 and 24, meeting.